The conversation below was obtained from http://2001-2009.state.gov/r/pa/ho/frus/nixon/e7/48542.htm
There are many instances Russia has emerged out as a brother for India but this one gives me goosebumps.
During 1971 war(liberation of Bangladesh), Nixon(President of US) ordered carriers(US seventh fleet) towards Bay of Bengal , 26 Jordanian planes to Pakistan. They talked to Saudis, the Turks to give 5 more planes to Pakistan. They also asked Chinese to move some forces to threaten India. They asked France to sell planes to Pakistan. Under US pressure, UAE sent in half a squadron of fighter aircrafts to Pakistan and Indonesians dispatched atleast one naval vessel to fight alonside Pakistani navy.
He called Indians bastards, Indira Gandhi(India’s Prime Minister) a bitch.
On Dec. 10, Indian intelligence intercepted an American message, that US seventh fleet was steaming into war zone. Seventh Fleet, which was then stationed in the Gulf of Tonkin, was led by the nuclear powered aircraft carrier, the USS Enterprise(more than 70 fighters and bombers onboard) and it also included the guided missile cruiser USS King, guided missile destroyers USS Decatur, Parsons and Tartar Sam, and a large amphibious assault ship USS Tripoli.
The Indian Navy’s Eastern Fleet led by the 20,000-ton aircraft carrier, Vikrant, with barely 20 light fighter aircraft was standing between Indian cities and seventh fleet.
Meanwhile Soviet intelligence reported that a British naval group led by the aircraft carrier Eagle had moved closer to India’s territorial water.
The British and the Americans plan was to intimidate India by British ships attacking in the Arabian Sea targeting India’s western coast, the Americans would be attacking Bay of Bengal liberating 1,00,000 Pakistani troops.
According to a six-page note prepared by India’s foreign ministry, “The bomber force aboard the Enterprise had the US President’s authority to undertake bombing of the Indian Army’s communications, if necessary.”
Now the fun part starts.
Indian quietly sent Moscow a request to activate a secret provision of the Indo-Soviet security treaty, under which Russia was bound to defend India in case of any external aggression. So, to counter this Russia dispatched a nuclear-armed flotilla from Vladivostok on December 13 under the overall command of Admiral Vladimir Kruglyakov, the Commander of the 10th Operative Battle Group (Pacific Fleet). Though the Russian fleet comprised a good number of nuclear-armed ships and atomic submarines, their missiles were of limited range (less than 300 km). Hence to effectively counter the British and American fleets the Russian commanders had to undertake the risk of encircling them to bring them within their target. This they did with military precision.
Moscow clear instructions to their ships was to protect India from any western progression.
According to Admiral Kruglyakov, who commanded the Pacific Fleet from 1970 to 1975 –
“The Chief Commander’s order was that our submarines should surface when the Americans appear. It was done to demonstrate to them that we had nuclear submarines in the Indian Ocean. So when our subs surfaced, they recognised us. In the way of the American Navy stood the Soviet cruisers, destroyers and atomic submarines equipped with anti-ship missiles. We encircled them and trained our missiles at the Enterprise. We blocked them and did not allow them to close in on Karachi, Chittagong or Dhaka.”
At this point, the Russians intercepted a communication from the commander of the British carrier battle group, Admiral Dimon Gordon, to the Seventh Fleet commander:
“Sir, we are too late. There are the Russian atomic submarines here, and a big collection of battleships.”
The British ships fled towards Madagascar while the larger US task force stopped before entering the Bay of Bengal.
Despite Kissinger’s goading and desperate Pakistani calls for help, the Chinese did nothing. US diplomatic documents reveal that Indira Gandhi knew the Soviets had factored in the possibility of Chinese intervention.
According to a cable referring to an Indian cabinet meeting held on December 10, “If the Chinese were to become directly involved in the conflict, Indira Gandhi said, the Chinese know that the Soviet Union would act in the Sinkiang region. Soviet air support may be made available to India at that time.”
On December 14, General A.A.K. Niazi, Pakistan’s military commander in East Pakistan, told the American consul-general in Dhaka that he was willing to surrender. The message was relayed to Washington, but it took the US 19 hours to relay it to New Delhi. Files suggest senior Indian diplomats suspected the delay was because Washington was possibly contemplating military action against India.
Kissinger went so far as to call the crisis “our Rhineland” a reference to Hitler’s militarisation of German Rhineland at the outset of World War II. This kind of powerful imagery indicates how strongly Kissinger and Nixon came to see Indians as a threat.
Conversation between Nixon and Kissinger after War finished.
Kissinger: And the point you made yesterday, we have to continue to squeeze the Indians even when this thing is settled.
Nixon: We’ve got to for rehabilitation. I mean, Jesus Christ, they’ve bombed—I want all the war damage; I want to help Pakistan on the war damage in Karachi and other areas, see?
Nixon: I don’t want the Indians to be happy. I want a public relations programme developed to piss on the Indians.
Nixon: I want to piss on them for their responsibility. Get a white paper out. Put down, White paper. White paper. Understand that?
Kissinger: Oh, yeah.
Nixon: I don’t mean for just your reading. But a white paper on this.
Kissinger: No, no. I know.
Nixon: I want the Indians blamed for this, you know what I mean? We can’t let these goddamn, sanctimonious Indians get away with this. They’ve pissed on us on Vietnam for 5 years, Henry.
Nixon: Aren’t the Indians killing a lot of these people?
Kissinger: Well, we don’t know the facts yet. But I’m sure they’re not as stupid as the West Pakistanis—they don’t let the press in. The idiot Paks have the press all over their place.
According to analysts, US greatest war tragedy was in Vietnam. But according to me, this was the biggest war defeat for US when they didn’t even got the chance to even take off their planes and lost the war. They watched everything happening but were not able to do anything just because of Russia and thats why every Indian loves Russia and thus Putin.
Must go to the link below and read it thoroughly , this was the one article that opened my thoughts and understanding .
How the RIC (Russia, India & China) countries defeated the unholy US-UK-PAK alliance and emancipated Bangladesh.
It’s a lesson for Indians to remember as to who have always been our real friends.
Warning – Will cause a lot of Butthurt to Whitewashed and White-wannabee NRIs & PIOs in the US and also to NATO loving Neo-Liberals in India.
On August 9, 1971, India changed its Non-Aligned position and went on to sign a treaty of peace, friendship and military cooperation with the then Soviet Union. That alliance, along with China’s neutral stance and of course, the leadership of Indian Army’s legendary Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw, ensured the defeat as well as dismemberment of Pakistan in the 1971 Indo-Pak War and also the liberation of East Pakistan, now known as Bangladesh.
In the 1970 Pakistan parliamentary elections, an overwhelming number of East Pakistanis (now Bangladeshis) voted for a political party i.e Sheikh Mujibur Rahman headed Awami League that advocated autonomy for East Pakistan, but it was blocked from governing by the Pakistani army and the then Pakistani government, and its leader was jailed. The resulting mass protests in East Pakistan were brutally suppressed by the perverted Pakistani army, who went on to murder & rape literally millions of Bangladeshis in what came to be known as Operation Searchlight.
The then US President Richard Nixon’s administration also ignored reports it received of the “genocidal” activities of the Pakistani Army in East Pakistan, most notably the “Blood Telegram” (do google this term). This prompted widespread criticism and condemnation of Nixon’s regime by both the United States Congress, the United Nations and the international press
The Indo-Pak war broke out on December 3, 1971 after the Pakistani air force launched an attack on six Indian airfields in Kashmir and Punjab, punishing India for their support of Bangladeshi (then East Pakistani) Awami League and arming its sepratist militia Mukti Bahini.
The next day, the then US ambassador to the United Nations, George H W Bush Sr. — (later 41st president of the United States and also father of Obama’s predecessor George W. Bush)- introduced a resolution in the UN Security Council calling for a cease-fire and the withdrawal of armed forces by India and Pakistan. It was vetoed by the Soviet Union. The following days witnessed a great pressure on the Soviets from then US President Richard Nixon to get India to withdraw, but to no avail.
So then, Nixon’s right-hand man Henry Kissinger repeatedly encouraged the Chinese to intervene and attack the Indian army, and also assured China that if China menaced India and the Soviet Union moved against China in support of India, the United States would then protect China from the Soviet Union. American hopes were let down as China chose not to intervene and instead, stayed completely neutral during the 1971 Indo-Pak war, the same way China remained neutral during the 1965 Indo-Pak war.
Frustrated, President Nixon wanted to save Pakistan and ‘teach India a lesson’.
So, Nixon sent the US Pacific fleet led by the 75,000 ton nuclear powered aircraft carrier, the USS Enterprise, the world’s largest warship at that time, carrying more than 70 fighters and bombers, from Guam (near Indonesia) while their British allies came from the Arabian Sea.
The Pakistani military was already being bolstered by Air-Force support from American allies Jordan, Iran (then a US ally), Turkey and France.
On December 10, 1971, even as Nixon and Kissinger were frothing at the mouth, Indian intelligence actually intercepted an American message, indicating that the US Seventh Fleet was near Singapore and was approaching the Bay of Bengal.
This was perhaps one of the most ironic events in modern history where the Western world’s two leading democracies (US & UK) were threatening the world’s largest democracy (India) in order to protect the perpetrators of perhaps the largest genocide since the Holocaust in Nazi Germany (who else but the Pakistanis).
However, India did not panic. It quietly sent Moscow a request to activate a secret provision of the Indo-Soviet security treaty, under which Russia was bound to defend India in case of any external aggression.
And the Soviet Russians lived up to the saying – “A Friend in need is a Friend Indeed”.
On December 12, 1971, Dozens of Soviet atomic submarines and nuclear war ships left from the port of Vladivostok to help India.
And within the next 4 days, British warships in the Arabian Sea (near Karachi) sighted many Russian submarines and hence, left the area in a hurry. By the time US Pacific fleet led by the aircraft carrier USS Enterprise could reach Sri Lanka, the Soviet submarines were already there. And hence, US-UK couldn’t “punish” India nor “save” Pakistan while Bangladesh had been liberated.
It was one of the greatest defeats of Anglo-American warlords who ever since, acknowledge India as the most dominant force in all of South Asia.